What is total knee replacement?
A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. During a total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell and the end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a plastic piece with a metal stem.
Why is it done?
Knee replacement surgery is a treatment for pain and disability in the knee. The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. Persons with severe degenerative joint disease may be unable to do normal activities that involve bending at the knee, such as walking or climbing stairs, because they are painful. The knee may swell or "give-way" because the joint is not stable.
Other forms of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from a knee injury, may also lead to damage of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments may lead to irreversible damage to the knee joint.
The goal of knee replacement surgery is to resurface the damaged parts of the knee and to relieve knee pain that cannot be controlled by other treatments.
What is done during the surgery?
When a knee replacement surgery is performed, At Aarvy Hospital Gurgaon, the bone and cartilage on the end of the thigh bone (femur) and top of the shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is performed using precise instruments to create surfaces that can accommodate the implant perfectly. A metal and plastic knee replacement implant is then placed in to function as a new knee joint. Depending on the condition of the cartilage underneath the kneecap, the kneecap surface may also be replaced.
At Aarvy Hospital in Gurgaon, we have the best orthopaedic surgeon who performs the surgery.
After the surgery
At Aarvy Hospital in Gurgaon we discharge the patient depending on your body’s post-operative recovery.
After knee replacement surgery, you are advised for physical rehabilitation depending on your condition at that time. Your surgeon will also advice you to go for outpatient physical therapy facility as the final stage of the rehabilitation process at Aarvy Hospital Gurgaon. Outpatient therapy may last from one to two months, depending on your progress.
Remember, every person is different and the course of rehabilitation will be determined on an individual basis with the assistance of your doctor and physical therapist.